On September 22nd, the Thai Department of Fisheries, the Network of Aquacultures Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA), and Food and Agriculture Organization, joined hands to open a four day Global Conference on Aquaculture 2010 at Moevenpick Hotel, Karon Beach, Phuket. There are a lot of experts in fishery attending the conference. The conference is being held with the main aim to develop world aquaculture in the next decade.
Dr. Somying Piumsomboon, the Director-General of the Thai Department of Fisheries, said that aquaculture is a continuously growing food industry as 40 % of seafood consumed all over the world is from aquaculture. This industry is growing a lot especially in the areas of Asia and South America. In addition, Thailand ranked in 5th place for the top countries exporting aquaculture products. The total quantity of aquaculture products exported from Thailand is 1.38 million tons worth 78,023 million baht every year.
However, aquaculture is affected by many factors such as a declining environment, diseases, and natural disasters. To develop aquaculture, the related sectors needed to brainstorm to find the proper frameworks of the development which is being discussed in this conference, as well as evaluating the progress of the development procedures arising from the ‘Bangkok Aquaculture Agreement’ in the year 2000.
Apart from this, the attendees would discuss about six main topics concerned with aquaculture including resources, aquaculture technology services in the future, responsible environmental management for aquaculture, the way to respond to market demand and challenges in diverse and safe aquaculture products, the way to support education and research on aquaculture, and enhance the importance of aquaculture in food stability, poverty elimination, and rural area development.
Dr. Somying also said to promote aquaculture in Thailand, the need for exports must be taken into consideration. The main markets have made Thai shrimp exports to the world number # 1. They are also trying to encourage more exports of tilapia. A lot of fish production in Thailand is exported to foreign countries each year, with up to two hundred million or more than the 50% in exported shrimp. The quality of Thai shrimp is of high standard for exports to Europe, America and other countries around the world. They are strict in Thailand by preventing the illicit imported breeding shrimps from Indonesia and Brazil, which have a lower cost. Now, shrimp aquaculture from the two countries has a disease called IMN.